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How to Grow Cannabis Indoors

How to Get Started On Your First Marijuana Harvest

In just 12 weeks you can have your first harvest. In this beginner’s guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know to successfully create your first easy indoor grow setup for growing cannabis.

What equipment do you need to grow marijuana indoors?

  • Grow tent, or other prepared space
  • Seeds
  • Peat pellets for germination
  • Lights and timer
  • Air circulation
  • Pots
  • Soil and fertilizer
  • Water
  • Measuring instruments (optional)
  • Odor control
  • Microscope (optional)

If you’re starting a grow space from scratch, you can design and buy an entire custom grow room package to fit your personal requirements—every item you’ll need to get started, all delivered straight to your door. Just click on the link, select how many plants you want to grow, and start designing your ideal setup. Your various options, like lights and growing medium, are all nicely explained along the way.

And even if you don’t buy the final package—or if you just prefer to research and buy each item separately—it’s still worth a look.  It’ll give you a really good idea of how much a brand new grow space will cost to set up.

Now, read on to find out exactly what all of these items are for…

Your First Indoor Grow Setup for Growing Cannabis

Space for Growing

Grow tent, part of your first setup for growing cannabis

Instead of doing all the work to convert your basement into a greenhouse, you can start small with just a grow tent in your closet. There are several sizes to fit your needs. The ones we choose for our reviews are all reflective on the inside to make the most of the light source you use. They are also thick enough to keep light out so your plants have their needed rest time.

Starting from Scratch with Seeds

A crucial part of your setup for growing cannabis: You’ll need to get a few seeds. They cost around $10 or more per seed if you buy online from legal sellers (link takes you to our seed buying guide). Once you have those beautiful little babies on hand, you’ll need a place to germinate them.

Be sure you’ve received seeds that have a tiger-stripe pattern. Dark seeds are also good. But white seeds or very pale green are often dead and worthless (although very occasionally one might germinate)—seeds that color have been taken from the plant before ripe.

Peat Pellets for Germination

Jiffy 200 Count 30 mm Peat Pellets
  • 200 Pellets - ready and easy to use
  • Minimizes transplant shock and root damage
  • No soil reqired
  • Just add water and pellet will expand
  • Pellet size 30mm (1.25 x 1.50 inch)

Using peat pellets is an easy way to get seeds to germinate. Soak the pellets in water to let them expand. Then insert the seeds so they are about ½” deep inside the pellet.

Keep the pellets moist, but don’t water right on top of them so they don’t wash out of the pellet.

It takes 3 to 7 days for the seeds to sprout.

Light to Grow

Once your seeds have sprouted, leave them growing inside the pellet but make sure they have light. From then until they are about 3-1/2 weeks old, they will need 18 hours a day of light and 6 hours of darkness. The easiest way to control this is to put your light on a timer.

After they reach about 3- 3½ weeks of age, you can give them 12 hours of light a day and 12 hours of darkness. That will start the flowering stage.

You can read all about energy-efficient LED grow lights in our article. LEDs consume less electricity and produce less heat. That saves you money on utility bills because you use less electricity for light and air circulation. In turn, you’re less likely to get spotted as a grower if you happen to live where it’s not legal to have cannabis plants.


As for keeping track of time, we recommend a high-quality programmable timer. However, the cheap ones that people use while they’re on vacation don’t keep time accurately. You want one that can handle the higher amount of current you’ll be drawing if you use a powerful light.



Air Circulation

Running grow lights means creating heat. While cannabis likes heat up to a point, too much of it and they will burn just like you might on a hot, sunny day. It’s important to circulate air with fans or some other method.

It’s also important to control odor later on as the plants mature.

One solution is to use an all-in-one grow tent that comes ready with lights, ducting, and fans—an instant indoor grow setup.


Another great option is an in-line fan. Provided it has a muffler it will be quiet and will remove any odor at the same time.


Pots for the Pot

After your seedlings start pushing their roots out of the sides of the pellet, you need to pot them. Leave the plant inside the pellet and put it deep into fresh soil in a pot. You can bury it up to halfway up the stem.

So, pots for your pot…sorry, just had to write that. Maybe had too much today already.

Smart Pots 5-Gallon Smart Pot Soft-Sided Container, Black
  • Soft-sided fabric aeration container that has the rigidity to hold its shape
  • Provides aeration, enhancing root structure, resulting in a vigorous plant with more flowers and fruits and increased insect and disease resistance
  • Allows excess heat to escape
  • Developed for, and used by commercial tree growers
  • 5 Gallon capacity; 12 inch diameter x 9.5 inch height

Fabric pots are the newest, and possibly the best way to grow. They let a plant’s roots breathe and drain so they are less likely to get root rot or root-bound. Smart Pots sells several sizes. We recommend 5-gallon fabric containers as a good size. You can choose smaller or larger, depending on your needs. Experts recommend using at least 3-gallon pots if you have over 25-watts of light per square foot.

Soil and Nutrients

Remember, you’re growing for human consumption, so don’t use junk to grow your cannabis. Organic soil gives the best flavor.

SUNGRO Horticulture SUGRBG16QT 1402040.Q16U Qt U 16 Quart All Organic Potting Soil
  • Ideal for all container-grown flowers, herbs and vegetables
  • Enriched with earthworm castings, perlite, pumice and organic fertilizer
  • OMRI listed organic
  • 16 quart bag
  • Packaging may vary
  • Listed by the organic materials review institute for the production of organic food and fiber
  • Rich, loamy mix is one of the best for all gardening applications
  • Perlite and pumice are added to ensure optimum pore and air space for sturdy growth
  • Use in hanging baskets, patio containers, herb gardens, vegetable plantings, and anywhere you would like to use an organic soil
  • Regionally formulated, western region only , Packaging may vary

Black Gold sells a 16-quart bag (that’s 4 gallons) of OMRI-certified organic potting soil that has good drainage and air space from pumice and perlite. OMRI-certified means it’s the real deal. It has earthworm castings (yes, worm poop) and other organic fertilizers in it. This means you won’t need to add more nutrients to the soil until the 3rd or 4th week.

When the time comes, you’ll need good fertilizer. The same rule applies—don’t use chemicals. You’re growing weed, not meth. Check out our reviews of the best nutrients for growing.


If you can use filtered water instead of city water from a faucet, do it. It will have less chemicals. Pop a filter on your faucet for an easy way to have pure water.

I like the PUR filters better than Culligan or other brands. They have a good reputation, they warn you when it’s time to change filters, and they fit most faucets. Each filter lasts for about 100 gallons.

PUR 3-Stage Horizontal Water Filtration Faucet Mount Chrome FM-9400B
1,383 Reviews
PUR 3-Stage Horizontal Water Filtration Faucet Mount Chrome FM-9400B
  • Purr, chrome, horizontal faucet mount, with LED indicator, 3 stage filtering system, uses replacement cartridge rf-9999, TV #744-110
  • Adds Extra shine to your product
  • Manufactured in China
  • Easy One-Click Installation
  • Built-in Electronic Filter Life Indicator keeps track of your filter life
  • Conveniently provides up to 100 gallons (two to three months) of healthy clean water
  • Enjoy filtered or unfiltered water at the flip of a switch. PUR units are incompatible with pull-out or hand held faucets

Young plants only need water about once a week. Adult plants will need water about once a day. Some people with larger farms have a drip irrigation system. That’s pretty handy. But probably you can get by with a smaller setup for now.

Get yourself a watering can with a long spout. It makes watering simple. Make sure it fits under the faucet. Also look out for one that makes it easy to mix in liquid fertilizer, like this one from Aquavor. It has a built-in fertilizer dispenser.

AquaVor 1.5 gallon Watering Can with Built-in Fertilizer Dispenser
  • Regular feeding is a key to beautiful healthy plants; AquaVor's Feeding Can makes it easier then ever
  • Professionally designed 1.5 gallon watering can with built in fertilizer dispenser and pump
  • Patented design makes lifting and pouring much easier and accurate; We make feeding clean and easy
  • Our two position spout end allows for gentle rain pattern or full pour and stays on the can
  • Removable concentrate bottle allows for quick change of products with no mixing or mess

There are a few ways to know if you need to water, or need to wait.

  • Look at the leaves. Are they hanging down? Give water.
  • Does the soil feel warm? Give water.
  • Does the soil feel cool? Wait to water.

Or take the guesswork out of the equation and use a hygrometer to see if there is enough water in the soil.

Measuring Temperature and Humidity (Soil Moisture)

The Extech 445715 hygro-thermometer is a serious tool for serious growers. It measures humidity and temperature accurately and comes with a probe.

Extech - 445715 Digit Thermometer Product color: Very Dark Green
  • Product color is very dark green and white
  • Humidity: 10 to 99 percent RH
  • Temperature: 14 to 140°F (-10 to 60°C)
  • Accuracy: ±4%RH; ±1°C/1.8°F
  • Max/Min with reset function
  • Complete with built in stand, mounting bracket, sensor, and 1 AAA battery; optional calibration salt bottles

There is also a less expensive option that only measures moisture in the soil. It’s a sensor made by Etekcity. You insert the metal rod into the soil and the color-coded display shows you how wet the soil is.

Odor Control

After your cannabis plants have been flowering for a couple of months, they will have a strong odor. This is when your odor control system is essential.


Along with your air circulation system, you need charcoal filters. One solution to add to your ductwork is iPower’s inline Air Carbon Filter. It lasts about a year if you reverse the flanges after 6 months. This is probably the lowest-maintenance solution.

Harvest Time

It’s been about 12 weeks. How will you know when it’s time to harvest?

By now, you’ve eliminated male plants, so look closely at the females. Are their white hairs turning brown?

If you had a digital microscope like this one from Plugable, you could look at the trichomes, or sticky things on the buds, to see if they are brown, too.

Plugable USB Digital Microscope with Flexible Arm Observation Stand Compatible with Windows, Mac, Linux (2MP, 250x Magnification)
6,239 Reviews
Plugable USB Digital Microscope with Flexible Arm Observation Stand Compatible with Windows, Mac, Linux (2MP, 250x Magnification)
  • Hobby Focused - Useful and fun for students, collectors, testers, and anyone interested in exploring the microscopic world. Includes a microscope camera yet cannot be used as a document camera
  • High Definition - 2.0 Megapixels, up to 250x magnification (Note: Final magnification corresponds to monitor size)
  • Broad Compatibility - Electronic microscope uses a webcam chipset and sensor to support nearly any operating system using standard webcam software. Users with an Oculus Rift may require additional setup
  • Integrated Lighting - LED halo light with brightness adjustment control. The microscopes flexible arm stand with observation pad includes graduated marks for easy measurement or use as a handheld microscope
  • 2 Year Warranty - We love our Plugable products, and hope you will too. All of our products are backed with a 2-year limited parts and labor warranty as well as Seattle-based email support

Be careful when you cut the plants. Use good, comfortable garden shears like these from Black & Decker so you can trim the leaves and buds neatly.

Curing the Buds

Yes, you could smoke them now. But in a couple of months, they will be more powerful. Cure your buds for the best results.

The all-time favorite way of curing cannabis buds is to place them in glass jars. We like wide mouth Ball jars like these, or even the quart-size jars are nice.

Growing Guide

Got your new indoor grow setup in place? Get all the details on growing great weed here with our growing guide. It’ll take you from seed to harvest and on through curing and storing your first great buds.

We’ve also got a post on planning your first indoor grow: 4 Top Tips To Follow.

Looking to take your growing up a notch? Or just like to know pretty much everything there is to know before you get started? Ryan Riley’s 839-page Growing Elite Marijuana: The Complete Guide is the professional grower’s bible.

Grow indoor marijuana hydroponics or soil. Fast and stinky buds can be yours IF the price is right

It might look expensive, but it should more than pay for itself with bigger, better harvests, time saved, and fewer costly mistakes.

If you want something cheaper (like FREE), you have a couple of decent options: our 59-page E-book.

or one of the ebooks (but biased toward outdoor growers) from Robert Bergmans’ ILoveGrowing Marijuana.

Legal Stuff

Although some states have legalized the use of marijuana, most have not. Each state has their own laws about growing and possessing cannabis. Check what the rules are in your area, or visit the website of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.

Have some comments or questions or even criticisms?  Fire away below.  And send your photos to MaryJane@420Beginner.com

Last update on 2023-02-20 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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